The genome from the prototypic arenavirus lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) includes

The genome from the prototypic arenavirus lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) includes two negative-sense, single-strand RNA sections specified S and L. MGs were examined because of their activity as web templates for RNA synthesis with the LCMV polymerase. The minimal LCMV genomic promoter was discovered to be included inside the 3-terminal 19 nt. Substitution of C for G on the last 3-end nucleotide placement in the MG led to nondetection of RNA transcription or replication, whereas the addition of a C on the 3 end didn’t have got any significant influence on RNA synthesis mediated with the LCMV polymerase. All other mutations introduced within the 3-terminal 19 nt of the MG resulted in undetectable levels of promoter activity. Deletions and nucleotide substitutions within the MG 5 end that disrupted terminal complementarity abolished chloramphenicol Rabbit Polyclonal to OR10A7 acetyltransferase expression and RNA synthesis mediated by the LCMV polymerase. These findings indicate that both sequence specificity within the 3-terminal 19 nt and the integrity of the predicted panhandle structure appear to be required Dinaciclib kinase activity assay for efficient RNA synthesis mediated by the LCMV polymerase. The prototypic arenavirus lymphocytic choriomeningitis computer virus (LCMV) is one of the most widely used model systems to study virus-host interactions, such as viral persistence and associated disease (8, 39). The LCMV genome is composed of two negative-sense single-stranded RNA segments, called S (3.2 kb) and L (7.2 kb) (46, 49). Both segments use an ambisense coding strategy to direct synthesis of two proteins from two open reading frames with opposite orientation and separated by an intergenic region (IGR) (2, 3, 60). The S RNA encodes the nucleoprotein NP (ca. 63 kDa) and the glycoprotein precursor GP-C (75 Dinaciclib kinase activity assay kDa). GP-C is usually posttranslationally cleaved to yield the mature glycoproteins GP-1 (40 to 46 kDa) and GP-2 (35 kDa) (45, 54, 62). Dinaciclib kinase activity assay Tetramers of GP-1 and GP-2 form the spikes around the virion envelope and mediate computer virus interaction with the cellular receptor (9, 11). The L RNA encodes the computer virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) (L, ca. Dinaciclib kinase activity assay 200 kDa) (21, 30, 51) and a small (11-kDa) RING finger protein (Z) (49). NP and L are associated with the viral RNA to form ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes, which are active in transcription and replication (14, 22). As with other negative-strand RNA viruses, Dinaciclib kinase activity assay this RNP is the minimal infectious unit. All N. Nathaanson (ed.), Viral pathogenesis, vol. 1. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, Pa. 9. Borrow, P., and M. B. Oldstone. 1994. Mechanism of lymphocytic choriomeningitis computer virus entry into cells. Virology 198:1-9. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 10. Bowen, M. D., C. J. Peters, and S. T. Nichol. 1996. The phylogeny of New World (Tacaribe complex) arenaviruses. Virology 219:285-290. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 11. Cao, W., M. D. Henry, P. Borrow, H. Yamada, J. H. Elder, E. V. Ravkov, S. T. Nichol, R. W. Compans, K. P. Campbell, and M. B. Oldstone. 1998. Identification of alpha-dystroglycan as a receptor for lymphocytic choriomeningitis computer virus and Lassa fever computer virus. Science 282:2079-2081. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 12. Collins, P. L., M. A. Mink, and D. S. Stec. 1991. Rescue of synthetic analogs of respiratory syncytial computer virus genomic RNA and effect of truncations and mutations around the expression of a foreign reporter gene. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88:9663-9667. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 13. Conzelmann, K. K. 1996. Genetic manipulation of non-segmented negative-strand RNA viruses. J. Gen. Virol. 77:381-389. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 14. Cornu, T. I., and J. C. de la Torre. 2001. RING finger Z protein of lymphocytic choriomeningitis computer virus (LCMV) inhibits transcription and RNA replication of an LCMV S-segment minigenome. J. Virol. 75:9415-9426. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 15. Fearns, R., P. L. Collins, and M. E. Peeples. 2000. Functional analysis of the genomic and antigenomic promoters of human respiratory syncytial computer virus. J. Virol. 74:6006-6014. [PMC free of charge content] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 16. Flick, R., G. Neumann, E. Hoffmann, E. Neumeier, and G. Hobom. 1996. Promoter components in the influenza vRNA terminal framework. RNA 2:1046-1057. [PMC free of charge content] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 17..

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