Background It has been reported that polysaccharides have potential book anti-cancer properties. and offers immunomodulation, antioxidant, anti-tumor, hypotensive, and hypolipidemic bioactivities [10C12]. polysaccharides are extracted from polysaccharides possess anti-tumor and antioxidant results . Furthermore, the polysaccharides possess a substantial inhibitory influence on transplanted tumors in pet versions . Previously, we discovered that polysaccharides considerably inhibited liver organ transplantation tumors in mice and efficiently controlled the development of ascites tumor in mice. Nevertheless, research on the effect of polysaccharides on human liver cancer has rarely been reported. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of polysaccharides on HCC cell proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis, and on the expression of the apoptosis-related genes and proteins, to explore the possible mechanism of polysaccharide inhibition of HCC Resveratrol cells. Material and Methods All work reported in this study was performed in full compliance with good laboratory practices (GLP). Chemicals RPMI-Dulbeccos modified Eagles medium (DMEM) cell culture medium, SYBR RT reagent kit with genomic DNA (gDNA) Eraser (Perfect Real Time), and Premix Ex Taq II (Perfect Real Time) were purchased from TaKaRa Dalian Biotech. Trypsin was purchased from Amresco. Fetal bovine serum (FBS) was purchased from Hangzhou Evergreen Biotech. Phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was purchased from Beijing Zhongsha Golden Bridge Biotechnology. Dimethyl Resveratrol sulfoxide (DMSO) was purchased from Sigma. Propidium iodide (PI), a cell cycle assay kit, and an annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/PI apoptosis assay kit were purchased from Nanjing Kaiji Biological Technology Development. PCR primers for caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax were synthetized by Shanghai Biological Technology. A bicinchoninic acid (BCA) protein assay kit, protein sample buffer, and Western blot gel preparation kit were purchased from Shanghai Beyotime Biotech. The protein molecular weight marker was purchased from Fermentas (Burlington, Canada). Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes and ECL chemiluminescence kit were purchased from Millipore (Billerica, MA, USA). The cell proliferation-toxicity assay kit (Cell Counting Kit-8, CCK-8); radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) lysis buffer; rabbit anti-human caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax antibodies; and horseradish Resveratrol peroxidase (HRP)-labeled secondary antibodies were purchased from Wuhan Boster Biological Engineering. The other reagents used in this experiment were purchased from Sigma (St. Louis, MO, USA) or were of analytical grade. Preparation of polysaccharides Food-grade Dictyophora was purchased for Sifang Hongye Company (Zhijin, Guizhou, China) in March, 2017. The sample was authenticated by Prof. Qingde Long of the School of Pharmacy, Guizhou Medical University, and voucher specimens (No. Di2018030501) were stored in our Research Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Guizhou Medical University. For preparation of polysaccharides, the fruiting bodies of (2 kg) were dried in a hot air-drying oven at 45C and crushed into powder using a tissue triturator. The powder of fruiting body was extracted by high-pressure ultrasonic-assisted extraction (Xian Resveratrol Taikang Biotechnology Co., China) according to the water-material ratio (1: 20), at 70C for 3 h. The extract was then concentrated at 50C using a rotary evaporator (R-215, Buchi, Switzerland). After that, the concentrated extract mixed with 4 volumes of anhydrous ethanol (70% v/v of ethanol in final concentration) at 4C overnight. The precipitate (4500 r/min, 10 min) was deproteinated by the Savage method and washed with anhydrous alcohol. The residual nucleic acid and protein was detected CCR1 by UV method and it had not obvious assimilated at 260 nm and 280 nm wave length. The precipitate was re-dissolved in distilled water and dialyzed (8 after that,000C14,000 Da) in working plain tap water for 48 h. The ultimate liquid solutions had been lyophilized in vacuum pressure freeze dryer (Alpha 2C4 LSC plus, CHRIST, Germany). Recognition circumstances of liquid chromatography The chromatographic column was a Thermo C18 column (4.6250 mm, 5 m), mobile stage A was acetonitrile, mobile stage B was 0.02 mol/l ammonium acetate, gradient elution (0C30 min, cellular stage A was 12C30% for 30C40 min, cellular stage A was 30C20%), movement price was 1 ml/min, recognition wavelength was.