Introduction This is some clinical case reports demonstrating that a combination of percutaneously injected autologous adipose-tissue-derived stem cells, hyaluronic acid, platelet rich plasma and calcium chloride may be able to regenerate bones in human osteonecrosis, and with addition of a very low dose of dexamethasone, cartilage in human knee osteoarthritis. pain score data were then analyzed. Conclusions The MRI data for all the patients in this series showed significant positive changes. Probable bone formation was clear in the patients with osteonecrosis, and cartilage regeneration in the individuals with osteoarthritis. Along with MRI proof, the assessed physical therapy results, subjective discomfort, and functional position all improved. Autologous mesenchymal stem cell shot, together with hyaluronic acidity, platelet ADAM8 wealthy calcium mineral and plasma chloride, is a guaranteeing minimally intrusive therapy for osteonecrosis of femoral mind and, with low-dose dexamethasone, for osteoarthritis of human being knees. History Adipose-tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have already been trusted in Korea during the last couple of years by plastic material surgeons like a semi-permanent quantity expander. In 2009 June, the Korean Meals and Medication Administration (KFDA) allowed ADSCs to be utilized as autologous cell transplant when acquired and prepared within a Taxol ic50 medical center with reduced digesting . Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are located in numerous human being tissues including bone tissue marrow, synovial cells and adipose cells. These have already been proven to differentiate into bone fragments, cartilage, muscle tissue and adipose cells, representing a encouraging new part of therapy in regenerative medication . For their powerful capabilities, MSCs have already been found in pet versions to regenerate cartilage and bone fragments [3 effectively,4]. In 2008, Centeno and co-workers reported regeneration of leg cartilage inside a human through the use of autologous culture-expanded bone-marrow-derived stem cells . Nevertheless, to the very best of our understanding ADSCs haven’t been utilized effectively in osteonecrosis of the femoral mind and in osteoarthritis of the human knee. Osteonecrosis, or avascular necrosis, of femoral head is usually relatively a common Taxol ic50 disorder affecting individuals in their 30s to 50s. Osteoarthritis of a knee is an even more common disorder, especially in older patients. Currently, the only cure for both diseases is surgical intervention. However, the successful regeneration of bones and cartilage with ADSCs may represent a promising new, minimally invasive, non-surgical alternative. Many issues need to be resolved and clarified before the general application of the procedure. The Taxol ic50 mechanism of regeneration is not yet clear. It could be through direct differentiation of stem cells which were introduced towards the diseased joint parts. Alternatively, maybe it’s because of the tropic ramifications of ADSCs on the prevailing tissues. Further, different components of Taxol ic50 the neighborhood environment make a difference the differentiation of MSCs . Also, it really is believed a scaffolding materials could be needed to permit the MSCs to add and engraft . Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was utilized as a rise factor so that as a differentiating agent for the MSCs. PRP includes multiple growth elements including transforming development aspect (TGF), insulin-like development aspect (IGF), fibroblast development aspect (FGF), and platelet-derived development aspect (PDGF). A books review of the info on PRP implies that it includes a positive influence on the excitement of bone fragments, bloodstream chondrocyte and vessel formation [8-10]. Hyaluronic acidity was added as a scaffolding material, and calcium chloride was used as a PRP-activating agent . This series of case reports demonstrates successful clinical results of regenerating bones in osteonecrosis and cartilage in patients with osteoarthritis, using percutaneously implanted, autologous MSCs along with PRP, hyaluronic acid, calcium chloride (CaCl2) and very-low-dose dexamethasone. Case presentations The following cases concern four different individuals. Of the four, the first two cases involve bone regeneration in osteonecrosis of hips, the latter two cases regeneration of cartilage in osteoarthritis of knees. The first case.